Coffee – A Soothing Beverage

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Coffee

Let’s have some Coffee.

What is Coffee?

The coffee plant is a member of the Rubiaceae family. It originated in tropical regions but has been cultivated for over 5,000 years and now grows naturally throughout much of Africa, Asia, South America, Central America, Mexico, Hawaii, Australia, New Zealand, Europe, North America, and parts of South America. Coffee plants are dioecious, with both self-pollinating and cross-pollination occurring within species

Different Types of Coffee Beans

Coffee is one of those beverages that you can’t enjoy without knowing what’s inside it. There are two primary varieties of coffee beans – Arabica and Robustas. Each has its unique flavor profile. It takes time to learn about how each type of bean affects the taste of your beverage.

Arabicas

The most common type of bean found in grocery stores, Arabicas, comes from Central America or South Africa. They tend to produce more caffeine than other varieties, which makes them great for making espresso drinks like cappuccinos and macchiatos. The flavor profile can range anywhere from sweet to bitter, depending on how they were grown. Some people prefer their taste to be bolder, while others enjoy mild flavors.

Robusta

This variety comes from Indonesia and Vietnam. It has less sugar than Arabica but still packs quite a punch. This bean variety is often found in espresso drinks or other caffeinated beverages like cappuccinos. The best part about this particular bean is that it contains almost twice as much caffeine as regular Arabica bean Robusta. If you want something with a little bit of kick, then Robusta might just do the tricks!

Why is Coffee loved dearly?

Coffee has become one of the most popular beverages in the world today. It’s enjoyed by people all over the globe and by many different animals like cats, dogs, birds, fish, etc. Coffee beans are used as food supplements or even medicine. Caffeine is an alkaloid that acts on our central nervous system and stimulates it. The caffeine content varies from bean to bean and can be anywhere from 0% to about 80%.

Coffee
Coffee bean, Coffee Arabica coffee tree

Some types of Coffee Consumed worldwide

1. Espresso

Espressos are made from ground beans mixed with hot water in an espresso machine. The result is a strong shot of caffeine-packed goodness.

The most common type of espresso drink is called cappuccino or Americano. This has milk added to give it body. It’s also known as a “short” because it only takes about 30 seconds to make.

2. Flat White

A flat white is similar to a regular cup of tea but without any sugar.

3. Doppio

A double-shot espresso, also called a caffè doppio or “double,” contains twice the caffeine in a regular espresso. It’s usually served with milk and sugar.

4. Cappuccino

The most famous Italian coffee type, a cappuccino, has steamed milk poured into a cup containing frothed milk topped off with foam. The result is a rich milky beverage.

5. Ristretto

The term ristretto translates into shortened. A ristretto has less than 30ml of Coffee per serving. It’s also called a cortado. A ristretto, which means restricted in Italian, is a shot of espresso coffee but extracted with half the amount of water

6. Macchiato

Macchiato means marked but refers to any espresso served without foam. The name comes from adding sugar to the top of the cup before pouring in the espresso.

7. Mezzo (Piccolo)

Mezzo mezo refers to any coffee drink with only 1/3rd of the typical volume of liquid used. The name comes from the fact that it was created using three shots of espresso instead of 2. It has since become popular among people who want something smaller than a caffè americano.

8. Affogato

Affogato translates into drowning. Affogato consists of a shot of espresso poured over ice cream. The result is a rich, flavourful combination of sweet and bitter.

9. Frappe

Frappe is another variation of the classic milkshake. It’s essentially a frappe minus the dairy product. Instead of using milk, a frappe uses a mix of fruit juice and syrup.

10. Cafe au Lait

Cafe au lait is simply French for a cafe with milk. It’s a café style beverage containing only steamed milk. The name comes from the fact that it was created using leftover boiled milk left after making tea.

11. Café American

The original version of Americano, cafè americàn, is a strong blend of espresso and steamed milk. In Italy, it has become synonymous with any caffeinated milky beverage.

Global coffee consumption

The global average per capita annual consumption was 4.6 kg in 2013 and 5.0 kg in 2014. In 2015 it increased to 6.1 kg. The highest growth rates were recorded for Latin America, Africa, Asia Pacific, and North America. Consumption grew by 1.5% globally between 2016 and 2017. This trend continued into 2018 with a slight increase of 0.7%.

The global coffee market will continue its steady growth through 2021 as consumers seek more convenient ways to enjoy their favorite beverages. However, some challenges could slow down this trend. For example, increased competition among major players such as Starbucks and McDonald’s may lead to price wars and lower quality products.

Also, changes in consumer preferences toward healthier options like green tea and other non-coffee drinks could impact demand for Coffee

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