An allergy is a type of immune response that occurs when your body’s defense system overreacts to something it perceives as harmful.
What are Allergy Shots?
The first thing I would recommend is allergy shots. These are a series of injections given over time that help your body build immunity against the allergens in question. They work best when combined with other treatments like antihistamines and nasal steroids.
What are seasonal allergies?
Seasonal allergic rhinitis is an inflammation of your nasal passages that occurs during specific times of the year. It usually begins with itching and swelling of the mucous membranes lining the inside walls of your nostrils. The condition may also cause watery discharge from your nose, which you’ll nd on your pillowcase after sleeping. Hay fever typically lasts for about two weeks, although it can last longer if you’re exposed to more than one allergen.
What is Allergic rhinosinusitis?
People with persistent allergic rhinosinusitis often have difficulty breathing through one nostril because of inflammation and blockage of the nasal passages. The condition causes frequent headaches, facial pressure, and other uncomfortable sensations.
How to get rid of Allergies?
Home HEPA filters
A high-efficiency particulate air filter, sometimes called a “clean room” filter , removes 99% of particles0.3 microns or larger. These filters should not be confused with electrostatic precipitators, which remove both large and very ne particles. A HEPA filter does not eliminate mold spores, bacteria, viruses, or allergens. They do reduce indoor pollutants like formaldehyde, radon gas, tobacco smoke, and secondhand cigarette smoke.
You should change the filter on your vacuum cleaner regularly. A good rule of thumb is to replace the bag every six months. Vacuum cleaners use cyclonic technology to suck up dirt and debris before reaching the central part of the machine. When using a regular vacuum cleaner, keep the nozzle pointed away from walls and furniture so that the suction doesn’t pull items into the motor.
Antiallergic medications are the most common first line of defense against seasonal allergies. They work by blocking histamine receptors in your body that cause itching, sneezing, runny nose, watery eyes, itchy throat, and other allergy symptoms. Antihistamines also help prevent you from getting sick when exposed to allergens like pollen and dust mites. There are two main types of antihistamines available over-the-counter: non sedating and sedating.
Decongestant medications work by constricting blood vessels that carry excess fluid into your nose.
This helps relieve stuffy noses caused by colds, hay fever, sinus infections, or other conditions.
Decongestants may not always provide relief right away, but they can improve breathing problems associated with allergies over time.
The active ingredient in many common decongestants is pseudoephedrine. Some newer products contain phenylephrine instead. Both types have similar effects.
Some over-the-counter pain relievers may relieve some allergy symptoms by reducing swelling around affected areas. Examples include ibuprofen and naproxen sodium.
If you have severe itching that won’t go away after using topical steroids, your doctor might prescribe an oral steroid cream. This type of medicine works best when applied directly to the area where the itch occurs. It takes longer to work than other treatments but lasts much longer.
Ways to Avoid the allergen
If you have been diagnosed with food allergies, avoid eating foods that contain allergens. This includes peanuts, tree nuts, fish, shellfish, milk products, eggs, wheat, soybeans, corn, tomatoes, citrus fruits, strawberries, celery, carrots, potatoes, peppers, mustard, sesame seeds, chocolate, coffee, tea, alcohol, spices, and other common ingredients found in many packaged goods.
Treating environmental allergies
Environmental factors that trigger allergies include dust mites, pollen, mold spores, animal fur, cockroaches, smoke, chemicals, perfumes, scented products, cleaning supplies, cosmetics, insect bites, latex gloves, and other substances.
People often have multiple allergies at once. For example, some people react to both tree pollens and grass pollens. Others might get hay fever after being around cats or dogs. Still, others might develop asthma after exposure to cigarette smoke.
Medication to cure Allergy
Medications such as antihistamines, decongestant sprays, and corticosteroids may relieve allergy symptoms temporarily. They don’t cure allergies, though, so use them sparingly. Some side effects include dry mouth, constipation, weight gain, insomnia, headaches, dizziness, nervousness, and depression. Talk to your doctor about whether these drugs are right for you.