What is the Birth and family of Queen Victoria?
Victoria was born at Kensington Palace on 24 May 1819, the eldest child of Prince Albert and his wife, Princess Caroline of Brunswick. She had two younger brothers: Ernest Augustus, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha; and Leopold II, King of the Belgians. Her mother died when she was three years old, leaving her father to raise Victoria alone. He later married Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen in 1840. She married
Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, a German prince from Coburg, Germany, on 9 February 1840. They met when he visited England as an envoy for his uncle King Leopold I of Belgium. Victoria’s mother disliked him intensely but allowed their marriage anyway. The couple lived together. Many biographers describe their relationships described by many biographers as one of love and respect.
In 1840 Queen Adelaide gave birth to another male heir, Ernest Augustus, Crown Prince of Hanover, which meant that Victoria would become queen consort upon her accession if she survived him. However, this did not happen because Queen Adelaide died suddenly in September 1857. As there was no direct successor to the British Throne, it fell to Parliament to decide what should happen next.
How was Victoria’s route paved to the Throne?
The young Victoria was third in line behind her older half-brother Edward VII and her younger brother Ernest Augustus. In 1830, however, their grandfather King George IV suffered what is now called ‘madness’ or epilepsy, and hed he became increasingly irrational and violent towards those around him. His son William IV took charge until he too fell ill with gout and died in June 1837.
How did Victoria become the Queen?
Prince Edward, Duke of York, second son of George III, also tried to have a child with his estranged wife Caroline of Brunswick, and he failed and gave up hope that he would ever become king. His brother Frederick, Duke of Sussex, did not try again.
In March 1821, the new duke and duchess returned home to London, bringing their infant daughter. Victoria has crowned the Queen on 28 June 1838. A huge crowd gathered to cheer the young Queen. In her words, she was determined to do an excellent job for her nation. She has relied on some key ministries, which made some mistakes during her reign.
Queen Victoria’s Widowhood
In March 1861, Victoria’s mother died, with Victoria at her side. She was heartbroken and blamed Conroy and Lehzen for “wickedly” estranging her from her mother. Albert took on most of her duties to relieve his wife during her intense grief despite being ill with chronic stomach trouble. Albert was made aware of gossip that his son had slept with an actress in Ireland in November.
Appalled, he traveled to Cambridge, where his son was studying, confronting him. By the beginning of December, Albert was very unwell. He was diagnosed with typhoid fever and died on 14 December 1861. Victoria was devastated. She entered a state of mourning and wore black for the remainder of her life. She avoided public appearances and rarely set foot in London in the following years.
What are Some things about the Ruling Empress?
British who had ruled much of India was dissolved, and Britain’s possessions and protectorates on the Indian subcontinent were formally incorporated into the British Empire. The Queen had a relatively balanced view of the conflict and condemned atrocities on both sides. She preferred short, simple services and personally considered herself more aligned with the presbyterian Church of Scotland and Episcopal Church of England.
Disraeli also pushed the Royal Titles Act 1876 through Parliament, so Victoria took “Empress of India” from 1 May 1876. Victoria saw the expansion of the British Empire as civilizing and benign, protecting native peoples from more aggressive powers or cruel rulers: “It is not in our custom to annex countries,” she said, “unless we are obliged & forced to do so.” Queen Victoria surpassed her grandfather George III as the longest-reigning monarch in British history.
How did Queen Victoria Die, and who succeeded the throne?
Rheumatism in her legs had rendered her lame, and cataracts clouded her eyesight. She felt “weak and unwell” by early January, and she was “drowsy … dazed, confused”. On 22 January 1901, she died at half-past six in the evening, at 81. Her son and successor, King Edward VII, and her eldest grandson, Emperor Wilhelm II, were on her deathbed.
What are Some unknown facts about Queen Victoria?
1. She was barely five feet tall.
2. She proposed to her husband, Prince Albert, and not vice versa.
3. She was raised by a single mother and later became herself.
4. Queen Victoria was the first known carrier of hemophilia, an affliction that would become known as the “Royal disease.”
5. At least six serious assassination attempts were made against Victoria during her reign, most of which were while riding in a carriage.