Protect yourself from colds and flu by getting enough sleep, eating well, exercising regularly, and drinking plenty of water.
Colds and flu are common illnesses that affect millions of people every year. They can be caused by viruses, bacteria, or other germs. Some colds and flu can last for weeks or even months.
If you want to prevent a cold or flu, there are several ways to do it. The first thing you should do is get plenty of rest. Sleep helps your body recover from illness. It also enables you to fight off infections.
How does one know if they have a cold or flu?
Here are some other ways to prevent a cold or cough:
1. Drink lots of water. Water helps ush out toxins and keep your immune system strong.
2. Eat healthy foods like fruits and vegetables. These help build up the strength in your immune system.
3. Get regular exercise. Exercise boosts your energy levels which makes you less likely to catch an infection.
4. Wash hands often with soap and warm water. This will kill any germs on your skin before they have time to infect someone else.
5. Avoid touching your eyes, nose, mouth, and throat. Germs spread this way.
6. Stay away from sick people if possible. If you’re around someone who has a fever or sore throat, wash your hands frequently and avoid close contact.
7. Cover your mouth when coughing or sneezing. You don’t need to use tissues; cover your mouth with one hand, so no droplets go into the air. Throw used tissues away immediately after using them.
8. Clean surfaces where you spend most of your time at least once per day. Use disinfectant wipes or spray cleaners to clean hard surfaces such as tables, countertops, phones, keyboards, etc.
9. Keep children’s toys sanitized. Toys may look cute, but they could harbor germs too!
10. Don’t share drinks or food with anyone who looks ill.
11. Make sure everyone in your household gets vaccinated against influenza each season.
12. Practice good hygiene habits, including washing your hands thoroughly with hot water and antibacterial soap before preparing meals, handling money, and caring for babies and young children.
13. Be careful about what medications you take. Check labels carefully because many over-the-counter medicines contain alcohol. Alcohol dries mucous membranes making it harder for your body to expel germs through your lungs.
14. Take care not to touch your face while sleeping. Your bedding might be contaminated with virus particles shed during the night.
15. Wear masks when going outside, especially if you live near others who are infected. Covers protect both you and those around you.
16. When traveling abroad, make sure to bring along basic supplies like toilet paper, anti septic gel/soap, bandages, thermometer, insect repellent, sunscreen lotion, antihistamine tablets, vitamins, and bottled water.
17. Learn more about how to stay safe online. There are websites available to provide information about preventing colds and flu.
18. Know the symptoms of a cold or flu. Symptoms include runny nose, stuffy head, headache, chills, muscle aches, fatigue, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, difficulty breathing, and chest pain.
19. See a doctor promptly if you experience these symptoms. A visit to a health professional can determine whether you should see a physician.
What cold medicines relieve symptoms?
There are many different types of cold medicine available in the market today. These include:
• OTC medications include cough syrups, nasal sprays, sinus drops, throat lozenges, decongestants, antihistamines, expectorant drugs, etc.
• Over-the-counter combination products like Nyquil®, which contains both an antiviral drug called Ribavirin and acetaminophen. This product has been shown to reduce the duration of viral respiratory tract infection when used within 48 hours after the onset of fever.
• Prescription medication includes antibiotics, antipyretics, analgesics, antitussives, mucolytics, corticosteroids, immunosuppressants, antifungals, etc.
What causes the common cold, and how is it spread?
The common cold is caused by viruses that enter our bodies through tiny openings on the surface of our noses. The main culprits behind this illness are rhinoviruses, coronavirus, adenovirus, parainfluenza virus, human metapneumovirus, and bocavirus. Rhinoviruses account for approximately 50% of all cases of the common cold. Other viruses implicated in causing the common cold include coxsackievirus, echovirus, poliovirus, and influenzas A & B. Some people also get sick from bacteria.
How do we catch a cold?
We usually contract the common cold when exposed to someone else’s sneezing or coughing. Viral pathogens are transmitted via droplets expelled into the air when one person sneezes or coughs. If you breathe in these airborne droplet nuclei containing infectious agents, then you will become infected. In addition, there is evidence that suggests that hand contact with objects contaminated with viruses increases the risk of catching a cold.
When does a child develop a cold?
Children typically begin developing colds between 2–3 weeks old. They start showing signs of discomfort three days before their first episode of running a temperature. Children under six months of age tend to have milder illnesses than older kids.
It’s vital to treat a cold as early as possible later; it might cause big trouble, So if you have a cold, please consult a doctor and start medication!